Armed Police Head Quarter
Kerala Police has got ten battalions of the so-called armed police. "Armed Police" is a slightly confusing nomenclature that has continued for historical reasons. It does not mean that the district police are unarmed
Functionally, the armed police battalions serve as reserve force to be deployed whenever and wherever the district police fall short of manpower in the maintenance of law & order. When so deployed, they function under the control of the district police officers and are returned to their camps as soon as the requirement is over. Unlike district police, they are not permitted to undertake crime investigation work.
Administratively, the armed police battalions serve as the feeder service for subsequent transfer to the district police. Organizationally, the armed police battalions are maintained on the pattern of infantry battalions anywhere in the world.
The ten battalions with a total strength of about 6,755 are located at different places in the state. They are:
- Ist Kerala Armed Police - KAP-I (Thrissur/ Trichur)
- IInd Kerala Armed Police - KAP-II (Palakkad/Palghat)
- IIIrd Kerala Armed Police - KAP-III(Adoor)
- IVth Kerala Armed Police -KAP-IV(Kannur)
- Vth Kerala Armed Police -KAP- V(Kuttikanam)
- Special Armed Police -SAP (Thiruvananthapuram)
- Malabar Special Police -MSP (Malappuram)
- Rapid Response and Rescue Force - RRRF (Pandikkad)
- India Reserve Battalion - IRBn (Thrissur)
- State Industrial Security Force -SISF(Thiruvananthapuram)
Armed Battalions and Riot Force
The riot control wing of the State Police are predominantly manned my police men in the Armed Police Battalions. The riot control unit uses water dispensing unit called "VARUN" to disperse the rioters. They also uses grenades like tear gas shell, stinger grenade, dyemarker, smoke grenade etc. They uses batons made of fibre and cane. The Armed Police Battalions, is also where recruits undergo nine months basic training. In February 2011 the District Armed Reserve camps to which the men from Armed Reserve Battalions were posted was discontinued. This also put to a stop the earlier practise of an Armed Battalion Constant getting transferred to the Armed Reserve Unit and then serving there, the constable moving into a local police station . The constables after their mandatory tenure in the Armed Police battalions would now move into the "Civil Police" cadre. This change in the organisation ensured that a large number of police men at a younger age are available for regular law and order duties. Armed Police Battalions are formed to assist the local Police in emergency situations like communal clashes, General elections, Natural calamities and law and order problems. In case of emergency the force is also deployed outside the state.
These battalions had their origin even at the evolutionary stage of the Kerala Police. The Armed Police battalions comprise Malabar Special and State Industrial Security Force -SISF(Thiruvananthapuram). The Inspector General of Police, Armed Police Battalion, is the controlling authority who is assisted by Deputy Inspector General of Police, Armed Police Battalion, and each Battalion is under the control of a Commandant in the rank of Superintendent of Police. Armed Police Battalions are the feeder Units for the District Armed Reserve. Thus Armed Police Battalion is the single entry point for men recruited into the Kerala Police.